Travel is the process of moving from one place to another, either by land, air, or sea. There are several ways to travel: by foot, bicycle, car, bus, or train. It may be a one-way trip or round-trip. It can also be done with luggage or by foot. This article will look at some of the most common forms of travel. Listed below are the most common modes of travel. This list is by no means comprehensive.

In addition to providing opportunities for personal growth, travel can also help you learn new skills. If you are uncomfortable ordering a meal in a foreign country, try a zip-line to get a fresh perspective. The same goes for learning how to order food in a foreign country. Once you get over your fear of new situations, you’ll find that you have great resourcefulness. You’ll also learn how to adapt to new environments.

When you’re planning a vacation or traveling for / business, make sure to plan for it in advance. Many people underestimate the impact of language barriers and aren’t sure how to deal with them. In the United States, the best way to navigate the travel process is to understand the difference between the terms. Once you’ve mastered both words, you can begin planning your next adventure. So get ready to explore! You’ll find the best way to travel.

If you’re traveling to Thailand, you’ll want to make sure you’re fully vaccinated against the disease COVID-19. Despite the lack of a state of emergency, there’s still no certainty about the safety of the country. Vaccination records are a great place to start your research for travel. It’s also a great way to meet other travelers who share your interests. If you’re traveling with family or friends, try to avoid traveling alone to Thailand for the time being.

If you’re traveling with children, consider a budget vacation instead of a luxury trip. You’ll save money by backpacking, avoiding a hotel, and eating cheap food. In addition to getting your visa, you’ll need to buy a plane ticket. If you have enough money to spend on alcohol, there are other ways to save money while traveling. If you plan to visit Thailand often, you can consider an inexpensive itinerary. A vacation is an opportunity to explore a new place and enjoy a great holiday.

In Thailand, a few weeks ago, the government ordered mass transit stations to be closed. Currently, there are no restrictions on outbound travel, but it’s important to be aware of local conditions. A recent study found that Chinese tourists make up about two-thirds of the total number of foreign tourists in the country. In some cases, the government has temporarily suspended international flights, but most travelers can still travel to Thailand without any problems. But, as a result of the ban, some travel destinations are still closed to international visitors.

There are still some risks to traveling to Thailand. The country’s tourism industry is suffering, so the government is trying to do whatever it can to resurrect the industry. Although there are still many unreliable sources of foreign tourists, Thailand has the best health care in the world. The country has more than a dozen doctors and hospitals worldwide. In contrast, the government says that this disease is a symptom of AIDS. Its high-risk zones include China, Myanmar, and the South Pacific region.

In Thailand, quarantine restrictions are relaxed for vaccinated travelers. For example, it is important to remember that the government’s disease control measures may restrict movement between provinces. If you are visiting Thailand and aren’t fully vaccinated, you should stay in a low-risk country for at least seven days before your arrival. If you’re unprotected, then a doctor will check your health to avoid infection.

If you’re not sure what to pack, you can use a guide to plan your trip. The Ultimate Thailand Travel Guide provides information on places to visit, things to do, and much more. It will even provide tips for what to wear in the country. While it’s easy to travel to Thailand, you should make sure that you’re prepared for any situation. If you don’t feel comfortable, you can opt for a tour in a city that is more suitable for you.\u0e1b\u0e31\u0e08\u0e08\u0e31\u0e22\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e21\u0e35\u0e2d\u0e34\u0e17\u0e18\u0e34\u0e1e\u0e25\u0e15\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e01\u0e32\u0e23\u0e15\u0e31\u0e14\u0e2a\u0e34\u0e19\u0e43\u0e08\u0e02\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e19\u0e31\u0e01\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27\u0e0a\u0e32\u0e27\u0e08\u0e35\u0e19 \u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e40\u0e14\u0e34\u0e19\u0e17\u0e32\u0e07\u0e40\u0e02\u0e49\u0e32\u0e21\u0e32\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27\u0e43\u0e19\u0e1b\u0e23\u0e30\u0e40\u0e17\u0e28\u0e44\u0e17\u0e22 ...

The spread of COVID-19 is not only affecting tourism and hotels in the short term. If it continues to have long-term effects through changes in Megatrend, which has caused a change in tourism behavior. Tourism that meets more individual needs Changing the business model that emphasizes the adoption of modern technology including attention to health and hygiene The changing landscape of tourism has affected the demand patterns of tourists and the business models of hoteliers. Therefore, operators must accelerate adjustments to maintain income levels. including looking for new business opportunities related to tourism as well as creating connections with other sectors in the tourism value chain. whether the local community or even other businesses

in the future The decisive factor for the success of a hotel business comes not only from location, rooms, prices, and amenities. If it still comes from cooperation with other communities and businesses. related ability to adapt and risk management. Therefore, operators should accelerate their business strategy adjustments before international travel returns to normal in order to restore the tourism and hotel business to grow as strong as ever. It also creates sustainability for the Thai tourism industry in the long run.

Thailand’s fast-growing tourism and hotel businesses that generate large amounts of income each year in the country face an unprecedented crisis from the COVID-19 outbreak. and tends to last a long time This paper analyzes the direction of tourism sector recovery in the changing social and economic context. as well as propose guidelines for the adjustment of the hotel business during the transition as well as analyze the landscape of future tourism after the epidemic crisis. To help tourism and hotel operators adapt to the changing context.

The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on hotel business is severe and likely to last a long time.

The COVID-19 outbreak has prompted governments in many countries around the world to impose lockdown measures to curb international travel (Figure 1), causing the number of global tourist arrivals to shrink to a record . In 2020, the number of global tourist arrivals dropped 72% YoY, especially in the Asia-Pacific region (-82% YoY). Currently, the global epidemic situation is still in a critical condition. Many countries, including Thailand, face a new wave of outbreaks. As a result, the number of new patients continues to increase.

The impact of the epidemic is severe and likely to last a long time due to (1) vaccine development. This includes the effectiveness of infection prevention. production and distribution There is still uncertainty (2) even though the vaccine has already begun to produce and distribute the vaccine in many countries. But the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that herd immunity requires injections to cover 65-70% of the population. This takes a huge amount of time and budget, and (3) tourist confidence will not recover as quickly as the crisis in the past, the University of California estimates after the epidemic is over. People’s concerns about the epidemic will persist for at least three to six months. In addition, sharp declines in income and purchasing power mean that demand for travel, which is considered a luxury, will take time to recover.

Thailand’s tourism sector has deteriorated heavily. The promulgation of the Royal Decree on Emergency (25 March 2020) and measures to temporarily prohibit aircraft from flying into Thailand (3 April 2020 – 30 September 2020) make it impossible during April – September 2020. However, since October 2020, a limited number of foreign tourists have been able to return in accordance with the Special Tourist Visa (STV) measures under strict restrictions such as 14-day quarantine, pre/post-travel health checks. life insurance As a result, in the first 11 months of 2020, the number of foreign tourists contracted 81.4% YoY, led by Chinese (-87.7% YoY) and India (-85.5% YoY). Around 1.5 trillion baht in foreign tourists in 2020, from 1.9 trillion baht in 2019.

Thailand’s hotel business has been hit with unprecedented severity. The national average occupancy rate for the first 11 months was 29.3%, compared with 69.7% in the same period last year, while the nationwide median income per room contracted 73.6%.

Operators are accelerating adjustments to be able to continue their business, such as reducing room prices. Modify the service model Focusing on the domestic tourism market, reducing expenses and earning income from related businesses, etc. Many hotels offer Work From Hotel services instead of Work From Home, including collaborating with an application to order food online from restaurants in hotels. In addition, many hotels (some cooperate with medical institutions/hospitals) serve as detention centers in Bangkok and its vicinity (Alternative State Quarantine (ASQ) and 9 provinces (Alternative Local). State Quarantine: ALSQ) including Phuket, Surat Thani (Koh Samui), Chonburi (Pattaya), Prachinburi, Buriram, Mukdahan, Chiang Mai, Phang Nga and Chiang Rai (as of January 8, 2021) to accommodate foreign customers who enter Thailand and are subject to government quarantine policies. At the same time, many small and medium-sized hotels have to close.

Megatrend influence on tourism will change.

over the years The tourism industry is influenced by global megatrends, including social, economic, political, environmental and technological changes. Tourism has changed from the original before the epidemic The tourism and hotel business was driven by Megatrend, namely the expansion of the middle class. Finding new attractions adoption of modern technology and health-conscious tourism. However, COVID-19 has affected such factors. Some things were accelerated. something was slowed down Krungsri Research has therefore analyzed the factors affecting the hotel business in the future, mainly in 4 areas: (1) Demographic and social change (2) Tourism adjustments to meet individual needs (Individualization), (3) the adoption of technology to change the business model and automatic control systems (Digital transformation and automation), and (4) health and hygiene comes first (Health and hygiene).

I. Demographic and social change

Over the years, demographic and social megatrends have often spoken of the expansion of the growing middle class, particularly in emerging economies. This will drive the demand for tourism in the future. However , the COVID-19 epidemic has severely affected the middle class with rising unemployment and falling incomes (Source World Bank). Looking at the driving force of tourism demand has changed completely. Originally, it was viewed from a “Broad-based approach” to a “Targeted approach” depending on the needs and behaviors of tourists in each generation (Generation) as follows:

Gen Y and Gen Z are modern groups. Therefore, technology is used to create convenience in tourism. Loves adventure travel and has the purpose of exploring experiences. They often travel alone, in pairs, or in small groups. Despite some fear of the epidemic, they are ready to set off again. However, these tourists have limited budgets and short rest days.

The Gen X group focuses on travel that creates a memorable experience. family travel sports tourism or business trip After the COVID-19 outbreak, Gen X groups will be more cautious in their spending due to the economic impact. In addition, Gen X groups are more likely to have families and have to take care of the elderly. Therefore, they are more concerned about travel than Gen Z and Gen Y. Travel spending is less budgetary. Often travel during long weekends and not very long distances

Baby-boomers and silver hair before the COVID-19 pandemic, the group is speculated to have potential in tourism spending. Due to high purchasing power and no restrictions on travel time but after the epidemic They are especially worried about traveling. This is because empirical data suggest that older adults are more likely to experience severe infectious side effects compared to other populations. This can lead to serious and life-threatening illnesses. Hotel operators therefore need to come up with strategies that will help build their confidence. especially in terms of cleanliness

II. Adjusting tourism to meet individual needs (Individualization)

In the past, the tourism sector has always focused on creating new destinations (Emerging destinations)[1] to attract tourists of all age groups, but the COVID-19 crisis has caused the demand and behavior of tourists to vary in different periods. age Moreover, building new tourist attractions often takes a lot of resources. Both human resources, time and budget may not be suitable for the post-crisis economy. Therefore , entrepreneurs should focus on analyzing the needs of different and diverse tourists. to offer services that meet individual needs whether it is a travel plan activities of interest and appropriate budget It takes advantage of advances in technology that make data storage and processing processes more efficient and more tailored to the needs of each traveler.such as public relations and marketing to target tourists according to age groups focusing on attracting tourists who take advantage of the government’s tourism stimulus measures, etc.

III. Applying technology to change the business model and automation control system (Digital transformation and automation)

In the past, technology has played an important role in life. from communication, learning, thinking, and even consumer behavior As a result, entrepreneurs use technology to operate their business, such as online booking and payment systems. It is also used as a marketing support tool. Starting from communication to inspire wanting to use the service. Use it as a handy tool while staying in a hotel or accommodation. as well as having an evaluation system after using the service even to build on the re-use of the service under the new normal (New normal) after the COVID-19 crisis (such as keeping distance, Direct exposure reduction) Tourism and hotel businesses are exponentially more likely to adopt technology. To build confidence among tourists and maintain their competitivenessIn addition, modern technology has also helped to enhance the tourism value chain, which is complex because it is an economic sector linked to many business groups such as hotels, tour operators, transportation, food businesses, retail, raw material suppliers. local business operators, etc., allowing operators in the chain to be connected through various platforms, including developing businesses to meet the needs of different and diverse tourists.

Examples of the use of technology to change the hotel business model are as follows:

The use of robots and artificial intelligence (Robotics and Artificial Intelligence) , such as robots in the reception. Robot check-in Robots provide tourist information that can automatically process language translations. Luggage delivery robots and room service Robots cleaning germs by UV systems, security robots, etc., while artificial intelligence innovations can communicate with humans like real humans. They can also perform complex tasks quickly. accurate and effective

Using electronic devices connected to the Internet to be able to control devices in the room (Internet of Things (IoT)) is a convenience for guests and responds to the behavior of reducing direct contact. It is also creating new travel experiences, such as smart hotel rooms where guests can control the electrical devices in the room from a single point. Connecting to a control system from a mobile device or using sound to control electrical devices such as adjusting brightness, temperature, turning the TV on and off, speakers, etc.

The use of data analytics is the systematic analysis of big data to help operators deliver services and products that meet the needs of individual travelers, for example, tailored travel packages. with the right timing and channel It includes analyzing historical data to forecast demand growth. seasonal trends and the preferences of tourists as well as analyzing fundamental social media data to see market trends and traveler interests.

IV. Health and hygiene comes first (Health and hygiene)

In the future, tourism and hotel businesses will pay more attention to safety, health and sanitation. in the past few years People turn to health care This can be seen in the trend of health tourism and sports such as cycling and marathon running, as well as the popularity of exercise. After the COVID-19 outbreak, tourists will pay more attention to destination health policies and the health of tourist attractions. As outdoor activities become more popular (To avoid entering crowded, congested or closed areas), entrepreneurs should cooperate with the surrounding communities. To develop the locality to be safe, clean, free from the risk of disease.

4B The direction of tourism and hotel business in Thailand

Due to the COVID-19 situation that is still spreading around the world Krungsri Research has therefore analyzed the possible trends of the recovery of the Thai tourism sector and the adaptation of the hotel business. Travel mobility and Fears were the main factors in the analysis . From Figure 8, the horizontal axis is the dimension of travel mobility. with the left side being “Travel liberalization” and the right side is “closing borders” or limiting the number of tourists entering the country. The vertical axis is the dimension of epidemic concerns, with tourists at the top feeling “fear” of travel and at the bottom feeling “enjoying” the trip. Thus, the recovery period of tourism business can be divided into 4 periods as follows:

Part 1: Travel to Thailand… Start again (Begin over)

The first period is when people still have concerns about communicable diseases causing some groups of tourists to fear travel. while international travel is still limited People in the country strictly adhere to physical distancing measures, so travel patterns during this period are short trips. It doesn’t take long to travel prefer to use a private car to travel and focus on tourist attractions that are not crowded

Research considers During this period it is important to focus on hygiene safety standards and issuing measures to stimulate tourism in the country for all age groups. especially to support tourism of Gen Z and Gen Y groups who have less fear of disease. At the same time, hoteliers are still able to implement strict social distancing measures to accommodate the higher purchasing power of Gen X and baby boomers.

Most domestic tourists are ready to come back to travel again. by focusing on nearby attractions The Tourism Council of Thailand surveyed Thai people’s opinions on tourism plans in the 3rd quarter of 2020 and their expectations about the COVID-19 pandemic with 400 Thai tourists across the country . country Between 10-25 May 2020, select a specific sample group. Only for people with income of 10,000 baht or more, it was found that 64% of Thais had plans to travel to other provinces. Of these, 35% want to travel to nearby provinces and stay overnight, 27% travel across regions and 25% travel to nearby provinces but do not stay overnight. for an overnight period Most had plans to stay between 1-3 days (76%), followed by 4-6 days (15%) and more than 7 days (5%). Travelers preferred to stay at hotels the most (41%), followed by travelers. namely resorts (29%) and their own houses / relatives’ houses (25%).Although the results of such surveys have been conducted a long time ago. But it can reflect an interesting point of view, namely, during the worst epidemic situation in the country, the lockdown measures were the strictest (during the 2nd quarter of 2020) and the feeling of fear was the most. But most Thai people still have confidence and plan to travel soon. from such trends Therefore, it is expected that a new wave of the epidemic will temporarily affect tourism in the country and should recover in the second quarter of 21.

Adjustment of the hotel business in the first phase:

Build confidence in sanitation standards (Amazing Thailand Safety & Health Administration: SHA) to enhance the safety of tourists. to create an image of a clean and disease-free tourism area

Use pricing campaigns to attract Gen Z, Gen Y and ท่องเที่ยว (this site) Gen X tourists and attract 4-5 nights longer stays to increase revenue.

Reshape services to reduce physical exposure, such as online check-in. Using cashless secure technology is optional.

Cooperate with the community to make plans to restore tourist attractions and natural resources. Create a tourism project with innovative methods [2] along with a tourist attraction booking system to determine the number of tourists who visit each day not to be too crowded.

Part 2: Thailand travels to Thailand… Fun in every province (Boost fun)

During this period, international borders were also closed to contain the spread. But domestic tourists began to relieve their concerns. This makes tourism activities diverse and can cover all groups of people. Traveling in the country will be longer. And the mode of travel covers planes, boats and private cars.

Research views that the tourism and hotel industries should focus on raising the number of domestic tourists back to the same level as before the COVID-19 outbreak. especially baby-boomers and silver hair tourists due to their high purchasing power They have more time to travel than other age groups. Dusit Thani College has analyzed the travel needs of the elderly and found that most of them travel for leisure. often travel with family like cultural tourism health tourism and slow life tourism, making travelling for the elderly take a long time due to emphasis on value, quality and safety

The development of creative tourism (Creative tourism) will be possible.which is an extension of cultural tourism by focusing on creating experiences participatory learning with cultural arts Give tourists the opportunity to experience Communicate with communities and lifestyles that are unique to the area. Two examples of the success of creative tourism in the country are (1) Ban Rai Kong Khing, Chiang Mai Province, offering standardized homestay and home lodge accommodation. Organic products are made Community famous food tasting activity and a flower khan flower dance show to bless tourists and (2) Ban Phra Pim Laksamansilp, province. Sukhothai presents creative activities in arts/crafts and folk dances. Activities of “Celadon” pottery, amulet printing and weaving. Each province in Thailand has different cultural attractions and distinctive local identity. Therefore, participation from all sectors should be created in order to develop a comprehensive creative tourism throughout the value chain. This will help attract more tourists in the country.

Adjustment of the hotel business in Phase 2:

Increased confidence among domestic tourists – especially the silver hair group, who are more concerned with hygiene than others

Take advantage of technology by bringing data to study and analyze to meet the needs of each group of tourists.

Hotel operators should cooperate with local communities to promote the development of tourist attractions such as temples, restaurants, etc. so that every province has a strong selling point.

Cost cuts are still needed. because foreign tourists have not returned

Part 3: Matchmaking… Loan for Thai tourism (Bubble tourism)

This is the period when some international travel borders are opened. But people and communities still fear the epidemic. Tourism is therefore in the form of bubble tourism, which is the agreement of the state to travel between paired countries without quarantine. Thailand may choose to enter into agreements with countries that have good control over the spread of the disease. And tourists are fond of traveling to Thailand such as China, Singapore, Vietnam and Australia (Figure 12). which may cooperate with insurance companies or has a clear disease prevention policy

Foreign tourists have more confidence to travel abroad. but also cautious A study by the Tourism Council of Thailand surveying 200 foreign tourists between May 1-20, 2020, found that 52% of respondents planned to travel abroad after the COVID-19 crisis. And 31% of tourists plan to travel abroad once the vaccine is available (Figure 13). Meanwhile, research by and Ctrip (the world’s 1st largest online travel management website and 2nd largest online travel agency) found. that Thailand is the first country that Chinese tourists think of after the COVID-19 crisis, followed by Japan and Singapore (as of May 2020).

Research estimates that international tourism matching may occur in 2021. In the early stages, it may start to be opened individually for easy disease control and screening, such as provinces that rely mainly on foreign tourists such as Phuket, Surat Thani (Koh Samui), etc. Although in the beginning, tourism pairings were still unable to attract as many tourists back to Thailand as they should. But it should increase readiness to accept foreign tourists in the next period.

Hotel business adjustment in phase 3:

Build confidence in cleanliness, safety and epidemic control guidelines. Thailand has been praised by the World Health Organization for managing the COVID-19 situation very well in the past. And many hotels across the country have received the SHA logo, which is the traveler’s hygiene safety standard.

Create a cluster or pilot province as a model for receiving foreign tourists. This should be an area that relies mainly on foreign tourists. and a closed area (such as Phuket, Koh Samui) for ease of disease control

Part 4: Save… Enjoy Thailand (Build-Back-Better)

This is when tourism is back to normal again. The borders of international travel have been opened freely. And people come back to enjoy their travels.Tourists are now as comfortable traveling as before COVID-19 due to widespread use of vaccines. Traveling by plane returns to normal. The number of tourists and related activities resumed as before. whether it is a business trip international conference including the exhibition Although the timing of recovery into this period is uncertain. But if the development in the 3rd period has gone well In addition, most countries have become more confident and gradually allow more tourists to travel in and out of the country. These will be a sign of entering a period of rejuvenation. Therefore, Thai tourism and hotel businesses need to develop competitiveness. by accelerating strengths and repairing weaknesses (see Box 1) in order to prepare for the The future of tourism, which has at least five characteristics:

Box 1: The potential of Thai tourism in the future​

Thailand is a highly competitive country in tourism. The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index of the World Economic Forum (WEF) rated Thailand’s tourism proficiency in 2019 at 31 (out of 139 countries around the world), well adjusted. Up from 34th place in 2017, Thailand’s strengths lie in its outstanding natural resources. Infrastructure for tourist services and prices, but has weaknesses in safety, health and the environment (Figure 14).

Research analyzed by using the gravity model to study the preferences of tourists from 48 countries. It was found that Thailand is an important destination for tourists in many countries. It was ranked among the top 10 destinations in almost every country studied (Figure 15) by Indian tourists. Russia and Cambodia view Thailand as the second-most tourist destination, while China and Malaysia view Thailand as the eighth destination, demonstrating an opportunity to welcome international tourists if the COVID-19 crisis resolves

. Cultural, environmental, and price are the three key factors in travel decisions. while transportation infrastructure is the least influential.

When considering only the top 20 countries with the most tourists coming to Thailand, it was found that Cultural and natural attractions, prices and safety It is the top three factors when deciding to travel. With tourists from China, safety is the first priority. followed by the readiness of ICT and cultural attractions While tourists from Malaysia, India, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom pay more attention to the price factor.

Thailand is likely to face more intense competition in tourism. because different countries It is accelerating investment in infrastructure to stimulate the economy. including supporting the growth of the tourism industry Especially countries that have begun to open for entry and exit and are new markets in the tourism arena, such as Vietnam, which have advantages in tourism resources that are still new and still exist. In addition, the topography and climate are similar to Thailand. There is also a plan to expand the transportation network throughout the country. meanwhile Some countries receive financial support from foreign investors. (Especially China), which has contributed to investment in infrastructure projects. concrete faster

The density of tourist attractions is the main problem of Thai tourism going forward. Concentration of tourists has long been a major problem for Thai tourism. especially during the festival which has a long continuous holiday Many major tourist attractions are packed with both Thai and foreign tourists. This was partly due to accelerating public relations for new attractions. but lack of development of such places to accommodate future tourists coupled with a lack of proper management Therefore causing congestion of tourists, especially in major tourist cities such as Pattaya, Phuket, Hua Hin, Chiang Mai, the attractiveness of attracting tourists of such tourist attractions has decreased. which has contributed to foreign tourists starting to look for new attractions similar to Thai especially in ASEAN countries such as Vietnam, Myanmar and the Philippines.

Inter-regional travel tends to decline. while tourism in the same region and in the country will increase from the uncertainty of the global economic direction and concerns about the epidemic causing tourists to become interested in traveling in their own country and traveling in the same region instead of traveling long distances in different regions partly to save costs. In addition, many countries tend to support domestic tourism in order to increase income to compensate for the uncertainty of the foreign tourist market. This is in line with the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) report that the number of international tourists around the world is likely to slow down in the coming period. especially from intercontinental tourism

environmental issues Cultural tourist attractions and ICT readiness are becoming increasingly important. This includes infrastructure for tourist services. land transport and health factors Meanwhile, air transport and its expenditures had a decreasing effect on travel decision making (Figure 16).

The changing demand for tourism has reduced the competitiveness of the Thai tourism industry. looking forward Factors that used to be prominent in Thailand, such as tourism personnel Air transport and prices have decreased in importance. Meanwhile, environmental issues, which are Thailand’s weak points, are becoming increasingly important. In addition, many countries have accelerated investment in infrastructure for tourist services. Develop more tourist attractions and open up more countries especially in nearby countries There are new tourist attractions that are cheaper, making Thailand’s tourism advantages tend to decrease in the future.

Even at present, Thailand’s competitiveness in the world tourism market is good. But the capacity gap between Thailand and countries in the region tends to decrease. Makes the view of Thailand’s tourism towards other countries may change from the original competition to more cooperation Thailand may have to change its role from the former accepting foreign tourists. to be received and distributed to other countries in the region, which not only reduce the price competition between but also to increase competitiveness and diversify tourism Factors affecting cooperation include visa policy, interconnected transport infrastructure such as the Bangkok-Phnom Penh-Ho Chi Minh route, Phuket-Phang-nga-Ranong-Myanmar Sea. or the Hat Yai-Kuala Lumpur-Singapore train, etc.

Box 2: Technology that will play a role in tourism in a new way

\u0e2a\u0e16\u0e32\u0e19\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27 \u0026quot;\u0e40\u0e02\u0e32\u0e04\u0e49\u0e2d\u0026quot; | \u0e2a\u0e32\u0e23\u0e30 \u0e04\u0e27\u0e32\u0e21\u0e23\u0e39\u0e49 \u0e02\u0e48\u0e32\u0e27\u0e2a\u0e32\u0e23 \u0e04\u0e27\u0e32\u0e21\u0e1a\u0e31\u0e19\u0e40\u0e17\u0e34\u0e07 \u0e02\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e0a\u0e32\u0e27\u0e21\u0e31\u0e18\u0e22\u0e21\u0e28\u0e36\u0e01\u0e29\u0e32 \u0e41\u0e25\u0e30\u0e1b\u0e23\u0e30\u0e16\u0e21\u0e28\u0e36\u0e01\u0e29\u0e32 ...Digital Technology and Mobile Communications This allows consumers to connect to information easily, conveniently and quickly. Currently, Deloitte estimates that more than 80% of the world’s population owns at least one smartphone. Meanwhile, about 33% of the population in developed countries and 50% in developing countries. Use your phone within five minutes of waking up. show that Many people use Smart devices on a regular basis, especially for communicating and searching for information. Tourists can search for information easily. In addition, tour operators and hotels can market through social media or use various applications such as booking rooms. (directly with hotels and via OTAs), car bookings, digital maps, etc.

Virtual reality technologies include Augmented reality and Virtual reality, which combine simulated objects or places with the real world. through the perception of sight, touch, sound or even smell The virtual world technology can play a role in the tourism industry, such as choosing a place. Enter an educational museum or even act as a tour guide. An obvious example is using Google street view to view places. or used for navigation

data analysis It will enhance the ability of entrepreneurs in the business to better respond to customers. Today, there is a huge amount of emerging data, especially information about tourists, travel and location, which will help operators analyze tourist needs and be able to respond more appropriately and specifically. The ability to access and analyze data will be the key differentiator between Brands.

Adjust hotel business strategies to cope with the changing tourism landscape.

Research views that tourism business will remain sluggish in the next few years before gradually recovering along with the emergence of a new normal of tourism. of tourists who have changed Therefore, tourism and hotel operators should expedite adjustments in order to sustainably operate their business, such as liquidity management. to meet the needs of tourists to the right Risk Management including finding new opportunities in tourism-related businesses The details are as follows.

Information and communication technology (ICT) has been used in the tourism industry to increase the efficiency of transactions and

create competitive opportunities Although the growth of the online travel business is not noticeable when compared to other countries. but began to play a role and

Familiarize yourself with tourists, such as buying electronic tickets (e-Tickets), making reservations, etc.

This article presents information technology in the tourism industry. Website development of tourism promotion organizations

and private entrepreneurs impact of information technology and human resource development guidelines that are in line with the online travel business


1. Characteristics of travel service products

Travel service products are products that rely on technology and information systems as the basis. Booking, ordering will focus on accuracy.

of information, which leads to the acquisition of desired physical goods and services, such as the purchase of air tickets Travelers begin by searching for information about seats, flights, schedules and prices, and then continue with activities such as booking, / order confirmation. purchase agreement

If there is a change in the transaction, it will make changes to the data and information before reaching the product and service. travel products and services

There are many special features that differ from other physical products such as

Products and services have a very short lifespan. It’s simple and complicated , for example, a hotel that can’t sell a room in a timely manner results in a loss of revenue.

It is an invisible product and service. Can’t check the quality or try it before trading. Consumers feel risks and uncertainties. Therefore, the credibility of information is important for purchasing decisions.

Travel services products consist of basic goods or services that are put together. They differ by geography,

composition and characteristics .

Owners of goods and services cannot deliver goods to customers on their own , for example

by airlines flying to different locations. There can be agents but cannot have offices or distribution channels for many products in every route because

high fixed cost

It is a product that contains information as a component. When customers make purchase decisions, they will receive only abstract products and services. The form of goods and services therefore depends on information presented through various channels such as websites, storytelling, brochures, televisions, etc. The imperfections of the information market are one of the reasons why the value chain of the tourism market is required. There are many departments, organizations and businesses involved.

Tourism Management Organization (DMO) is the agency of the country that facilitates

convenience to consumers and suppliers of goods and services in accessing information and build confidence in the quality of information

A tour operator (Tour Operator) collects offers and services from the owner of the goods and services. is the main channel

and help reduce the cost of accessing information to consumers as well as reduce the cost of marketing information for the product owner or supplier

Travel agents are traditional intermediaries and perform a variety of functions, including information

brokers, passing information from owners to consumers. As a consultant to customers to provide assistance with products. tourist attraction

Acting as an intermediary and distributing travel services products to final consumers Help reduce uncertainty for consumers. Reduce service gaps

and reduce marketing information costs for product owners and travel management companies

A supplier or owner is a business unit that owns travel goods or services, such as airlines, transport companies, accommodation, car rentals, boats, restaurants, who provide services or are directly related to tourists, travelers.

Global Distribution Systems (GDS) are used to manage current inventory prices such as Amadeus, Galileo, Worldspan and SABER.

customers, tourists It is the most important element of the value chain. Service owners try to access customer data to study history. Develop knowledge of tastes, preferences, habits and buying behaviors The information obtained leads to business opportunities.

2. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Tourism Industry The tourism industry has introduced information technology.

and communication (ICT) as a tool in every element of the industry. Since the introduction of the reservation system by computer

(Computerized Reservations Systems or CRS) to use with airlines. and transformed into a global

distribution system (Global Distribution System: GDS) when the distribution system was developed via the Internet, enabling operators and customers in the industry

They have gained more benefits such as flexible and convenient transactions. Reach more customers low distribution costs

Easy to identify and target customers, can distribute products all over the world. and can use the mixed media to promote and

public relations However, internet transactions are flawed in the lack of interpersonal interaction in between.

Transactions or lack of incentives for continued sales of goods and services, the current developed countries will meet the demand.

Consumers with information and communication technology (ICT) through the main elements of tourism are as follows: ICT has been involved in various forms of transportation such as airlines, buses, taxis, equipment must be installed.

good communication Install a radio communication system, GPS system, and other assistive devices in order to provide customers with confidence in safety.

Airlines must be equipped with tools that provide a variety of information, such as climate. height and information systems used for communication

with other airlines and aircraft control stations Use of information technology for in-flight entertainment such as gaming,



Accommodation Tourists use information technology to access accommodation. Searching for accommodation sources at information destinations

That has been used to decide the price, number of days off. Searching can be done from home or work, saving costs.

Travel and contact time with travel agents, travelers can send information back to business or family during the trip.

It can be used for entertainment such as video, television, games, or as a substitute for a business trip such as a teleconference. In addition, information technology is used to manage accommodation such as computerized reservation system (CRS), billing system, receipt system, security system. modern telephone service In-room entertainment and internet access

tourist attraction It is necessary to communicate or inform tourists about the type of attraction, location, how to get there, the owner of the attraction must disseminate information through video, Internet, website, television advertising and brochures.

facilities At present, technology and information systems must be procured to increase efficiency. and facilitate

for tourists, such as issuing visas, passing through customs service booking system bag conveying system etc. It can be concluded that ICT

plays a role in the tourism industry as follows:

ICT creates opportunities to expand and accelerate the growth of the tourism industry

ICT is a tool to reduce costs in reaching target customers

ICT is a tool for collecting and distributing information. ICT knowledge

facilitates networking among stakeholders in the tourism industry.

ICT improves operational and management efficiency in the tourism industry.

ICT as a training tool Educate and build capacity for personnel in the tourism industry.

ICT has an effect on reducing and increasing employment.

Distribution of travel products and services via the Internet and computers.

Difficulty finding information to meet consumer needs And matching the exact requirements between service providers

and consumers, tourism businesses need to find tools to facilitate transactions, tools for managing distribution systems.

has been developed continuously All the time, entrepreneurs in the tourism industry need tools to help distribute.

in order to be able to meet the needs of consumers in a timely manner Distribution of tourism through the Internet and computers.

can be divided into 3 types

The Global Distribution Systems ( GDSs ) and

The Computer Reservation Systems ( CRSs) serve as intermediaries in the supply chain for the distribution of travel products

. use the phone is a service booking system Distributing and providing information services through computers which

Support the sale of seats on the airlines. and related products such as hotels and car rentals to sales departments all over the world as a link between the seller and

System users, including Travel agents The main GDS systems are Amadeus, Galileo, SABRE, and World Span.

The main system of the tourism industry and its importance today, hotels or airlines that are not connected to the GDS system will lose a lot of revenue

from the tourism business.

The Internet and ICT are tools that help tourism industry stakeholders access the tourism market to provide and receive services

. It is a tool that competes with the GDS system and causes travel intermediaries to reshape their business models because

The Internet allows consumers to cut off intermediaries. (Disintermediation) or change the use of intermediaries. (Reintermediation) from

traditional travel agents as agents in the online system.

Airlines is also a business unit that is a leader in developing new technologies to reduce distribution costs and create efficiency.

such as the use of electronic tickets (e-Tickets), the use of automatic check-in systems

3. Online Travel Online travel is the most successful e-commerce. Travel service booking

Online accounts for 25% of all travel bookings.

3. Travel business website The tourism industry is a very competitive industry when organizations, agencies,

using the Internet as a distribution channel public relations Competitiveness in building the integrity of information presentations

And designing the website to have a beautiful appearance (Appearance) is important to bring to sales. because of tourism products

It is a product that relies on information as the main component apart from the physical product and service. Comparison of the appearance

of the website (Appearance) can be divided into many dimensions such as beauty and completeness of information content. web developer

Must pay attention to the properties of information. Knowledge of techniques such as information access, review, security

Personnel in the organization must have discipline and care about information such as keeping information up-to-date, current, accurate and

complete. At the same time, it takes someone with knowledge of graphics to make a website look attractive.

But it is accessible and easy to use.

Tourists need different travel information at different times of their travels. tourists search for information

before traveling to help you decide or plan your trip when arriving at the destination need information to solve problems found in

during the trip or search for a place what attracts attention After a trip, travelers want to share their experiences, provide

feedback, suggestions and complaints, so a successful website design is about meeting expectations.

and customer needs Design starts with identifying needs. expectations and problems After that, design a website.

to meet the needs expectation or problem solving The key design criterion is navigation.

Consistency, results, visualization and quality assurance As well as checking the properties of a good website. Features of a good website

include the ability to search. speed of access Calling a website or Download is a website that can be modified

(Dynamic) information can be adapted to the needs. interesting and enough Various technologies are used, sound, animation,

video and interactive maps are used to make the website attractive and well-known. Well-designed and presented, the

service can be booked immediately. There is maintenance, care and updating of information. There are connections to other websites. and have made advertisements public relations

both online and offlineCreating a website should be grouped with information to suit tourists according to market opportunities.

Marketing niche groups such as singles market, teenagers, vacation after graduation career change retirement period vacation

Including the presentation of information for the audience, such as information for general tourists, business customers, mass media

and tourism organizations. Currently, tourism trends in the Asia-Pacific region have changed from the original. such as focusing

on activities and travel experiences development of low-cost airlines Transformation of Travel Agents

to Travel Consultants The continued growth of online transactions. Tourism that adapts to needs

(Customized Tours) of each customer attaches great importance to communication and accuracy of information

(UNWTO OMT IOHBTO, 2006). Therefore, the format of travel products and services offered on the website must be consistent with their requirements.

consumer behavior and adjust to keep up with the changes that occur

3.1 Main tourism websites of different countries From a comparative study of 32 travel websites

, selected from countries where international tourists are most popular. and countries ranked according to the tourism competitiveness index

Found that each website has a similar function or main menu on the home page. Because it is the main service or information that tourists generally want.

but differ in details and completeness of information including the image, beauty, function or main menu that must appear on the first page

of the website

3.2 Singapore and Thailand websites

The study of the Singapore and Thailand websites aimed to compare the differences between the two websites.

to be used as a guideline for improving the tourism website of Thailand

From the comparison of the main websites of tourism in Singapore and Thailand, it is found that they are similar in beauty, but there are two quite obvious differences: completeness, completeness of information. Information and Service and linking from the main website to the relevant website in Singapore has a better way of presenting it. There are also more interesting points as follows – The layout of the main content of the Singapore website meets the needs of tourists and is easier to understand than the Thailand website – The Singapore website puts all the travel-related information on the main page. But Thai websites must combine information from many websites to get complete information – The content layout of the Tourism Authority of Thailand website lacks a holistic analysis of the needs of tourists. It is the combination of information for each province. Although it provides details, it may not be suitable for tourists who do not know Thailand well enough to search for information by provinces, which are sub-destinations. Linking the website of Singapore is better than Thailand because it will open sales for other products. related to tourism (Cross Selling), such as tourism for health Educational tourism, etc. – Singapore’s website offers information in a storytelling manner to better capture the attention of tourists, such as 20 unique activities to do in Singapore, the story of The Merlion, the symbol of Singapore. Food and attractions categorized according to interests. health tourism Educational tourism, etc. – Singapore’s website offers information in a storytelling manner to better capture the attention of tourists, such as 20 unique activities to do in Singapore, the story of The Merlion, the symbol of Singapore. Food and attractions categorized according to interests. health tourism Educational tourism, etc. – Singapore’s website offers information in a storytelling manner to better capture the attention of tourists, such as 20 unique activities to do in Singapore, the story of The Merlion, the symbol of Singapore. Food and attractions categorized according to interests.

Phuket E-Magazine - Page 12 of 43 - \u0e40\u0e27\u0e47\u0e1a\u0e02\u0e49\u0e2d\u0e21\u0e39\u0e25\u0e02\u0e48\u0e32\u0e27\u0e2a\u0e32\u0e23\u0e14\u0e49\u0e32\u0e19\u0e01\u0e32\u0e23\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27 \u0e08\u0e31\u0e07\u0e2b\u0e27\u0e31\u0e14\u0e20\u0e39\u0e40\u0e01\u0e47\u0e153.3 Thai private tourism websites

A study of the websites of private companies doing tourism business. This is a comparative study of data from 79 websites

to analyze their functions. Providing services and information After that, they were grouped into groups to find relationships

During the upcoming tourist season Thailand is still in the epidemic situation of viral infectious disease Corona 2019 or covid 19, so tourists should consider the safety of traveling.

The Department of Disease Control has the following recommendations:

1.Check information about the COVID-19 outbreak in the country from the Department of Disease Control website.

Should study the prevention and control measures of such provinces, which may have specific requirements such as closing the place or limiting number of tourists

2. Provide information on telephone numbers of agencies that provide assistance in case of illness or ท่องเที่ยวไทย incidents emergency while traveling, such as a hospital, police station or tourist information center.

3. People with chronic diseases People with impaired immune systems, young children and the elderly when traveling in the province people who have COVID-19 should be careful when entering crowded areas

and touching others. and should be vaccinated against annual influenza

4. Choose to use the services of accommodation, restaurants or various tourist attractions. certified standarda safe establishment (Safety and Health Administration (SHA)) should be an open place,

systematically good ventilation, avoid being in a closed place. or has a bad ventilation system

5. It is recommended to travel on a day that is not crowded. This will reduce the risk of getting infected from others.

6. Participation in activities Activities that involve large groups of people should be avoided. or a closed place or have air conditioning system For activities that require sharing equipment, such as hiking, diving, or rafting,

check standards of equipment used and maintenance before use

7. If you have a fever or are unwell, you should suspend or postpone the trip.

8. While traveling Should prepare enough alcohol gel and a mask or a personal cloth mask.

Wear a mask or cloth mask at all times. And when disposing of masks, they should be disposed of in infectious waste bags provided by the facility.

9. When traveling to various places in the community, register for entry and exit at designated points or scan QR Code Thai Chana. including complying with the rules of that place as well as should note the date and time

places to visit or use services throughout the trip for the benefit of tracking contacts If there is an infected person in the area

10. Take care of personal hygiene. Always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. or alcohol gel 70% or more for at least 20 seconds especially before eating and after going to the bathroom Avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth,

nose unnecessarily, as well as keeping distance from others.

11. For tourists who have recently come from abroad Should suspend or postpone travel to other provinces until 14 days. If staying at the hotel, a certificate of detention as required by the government should be presented to the hotel staff.

12. After returning from a trip If you have an illness or discomfort such as a cold, influenza, diarrhea or any suspected medical condition that may be caused by tourism recommend to see a doctor as well as inform the doctor about the details of the travel history

for the benefit of diagnosis and treat disease properly

When traveling in general areas

1. It is recommended to choose a travel date that can avoid congestion in the use of various services.

2. Choose to use tourist attractions, restaurants, restaurants, hotels, shopping malls and shopping centers. or public transport that is safe that has been certified by the standards of a safe establishment (Safety

and Health Administration : SHA) or an open facility Have good ventilation and avoid being in a closed place. or has a bad ventilation system

3. Tourists should strictly abide by the rules of the attractions. For the safety of yourself and others, such as not drinking alcohol Do not cook or light a fire in a prohibited area. or to register for identity verification before entering the place

4. If you have a fever or are unwell should suspend or postpone the trip

5. Wear a mask or cloth mask at all times when leaving the accommodation. or while living with others including the importance of keeping distance between people

6. Maintain personal hygiene, such as washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Or use alcohol gel 70% or more every time before eating. after going to the bathroom and after coughing

Leisure travel is not only enjoyable. But it also has a positive effect on both our physical and mental health.

Whether it’s going to explore new cities, go out to see the beautiful scenery. or go for a breath of fresh air in the countryside If you have a chance to do these things This is why you should start packing and leaving.

1. Travel is good for the heart.

whether traveling in the city or in nature This activity allows you to walk 10,000 steps a day, or about 6.5 km, which is a good moderate exercise.

sightseeing walking tour Plus doing other activities as well has a positive effect on overall health. especially to the heart

Taking leave from work helps prolong life.

Take a look at the ‘Science of Happiness’ course at the University of California.

Bad health because sleep deprivation on working days can be solved. If you take an extra nap during the holidays

The 1948 Framingham Heart Study surveyed women on the topic. And following them 20 years later, they found that women who traveled just once in a six-year period were eight times more likely to have a heart attack or cardiovascular disease than another group of women who traveled a year. 2 times

The results of this study included controls for risk factors such as obesity and smoking.

Results of another study of researchers from the State University of New York A study of 12,000 men at high risk of coronary artery disease over nine years found that those who did not take annual vacation were 32 percent more likely to die from a heart attack.

2. Travel makes you feel young again.

The Global Coalition on Aging report states that stress is a factor in the aging process.

Being under stress is like injecting cortisol, the stress hormone, into your body every day. As a result, the immune system is weakened. and increase your chances of getting various ailments such as adrenal insufficiency, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome (constipation, diarrhea) or IBS.

However, travel vacations can help heal these health problems.

Travel company Expedia, in a 2012 survey of 500 people, found that they began to feel more relaxed after a day or two of travel.

In fact , a study by a team of researchers from the University of Surrey In the United Kingdom in 2002, evidence was found to indicate that Just our anticipation and travel planning can help create positive feelings and make that person. “Happier in life as a whole”

3. Travel helps to sharpen intelligence.

Travel gives us the opportunity to experience situations that stimulate our brain, / such as new food and environments, or unfamiliar language.

A report by the Global Coalition on Aging states that exposure to local culture and seeing new places not only makes us smarter, but also makes us smarter. But it can also help slow down various brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Dr. Paul D. Nussbaum, from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in the US, said: “Travel is the drug of choice” because new experiences and environments help to sharpen our minds. Always thoughtful and intelligent. It is an important activity that promotes brain health and keeps the brain active and active throughout life.

A woman with a cat in her arms and smoking a cigar in Cuba



Tourism helps to open up the world and encourage us to be more creative

4. Travel stimulates creativity

“If you want a good idea, you need to stop thinking about it.” This is advice that might sound counterintuitive to most people, which James Webb Young, the head of a well-known US advertising agency. Written in a book teaching techniques for creating new ideas entitled A Technique for Producing Ideas.

At the same time, he did not mean that His inspiration for advertising ideas will magically fall from the sky.

On the other hand, he would initially scrutinize the piece. But the moment he “pops an idea” often follows later. When he diverted his attention to something else, such as going to the movies.

currently a neuroscientist It is already known that new environments and experiences can stimulate new connections of brain fibers and help to refresh your mind.

This is directly related to the so-called. “Cognitive flexibility,” which refers to the ability of the brain to jump from one idea to another. This is a key feature that creates creativity.

Perhaps it is no coincidence that world-renowned artists such as Paul Gauguin, Ernest Hemingway or Igor Stravinski create masterpieces during or after their travels? living abroad

A young woman enjoying the view at a mountain peak in Asia



leisure travel Helps clear up the brain

5. Travel increases work productivity.

tiredness at work It is one of the most common problems encountered in the workplace.

This problem does not only negatively affect employees. but also a burden on the state health service system. (which must treat all the ailments caused by stress) as well as companies and organizations around the world. (which damages business from employees taking sick leave, having an accident at work or the payment of compensation)

The American Institute of Stress Disorder estimates that stress costs US businesses $300 billion a year.

Dr. Shimi Kang, who led the research on The neuroscience of happiness and ultimate health (neuroscience of happiness and optimal health) states that giving the brain a break to restore its original functioning will help in problem solving and connect different ideas together

A group of young women excited about being in Italy



Living abroad may help develop a personality that is more self-confident.

6. Tourism promotes self-development.

If you are still young and had the opportunity to move to live abroad for a while Until don’t let that opportunity slip out of your hand. Because research indicates that These experiences will have a great impact on your personal development.

Dr Julia Zimmermann and Dr Franz Nayer from the University of Friedrich-Shiller in Germany compared the personality development of more than 3,000 German university students who traveled to Germany. Study abroad for at least one semester with another group of students who did not attend

The results showed that Students who experience life abroad tend to be more interested in their surroundings than others.

people returning from abroad They tend to be more open-minded to new experiences and more emotionally stable.

The researchers stated that “Most of these people tend to be more thoughtful, tolerant, and more emotionally stable. during the transition from youth to adult”

\u0e01\u0e32\u0e23\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27\u0e41\u0e2b\u0e48\u0e07\u0e1b\u0e23\u0e30\u0e40\u0e17\u0e28\u0e44\u0e17\u0e22\u0e40\u0e0a\u0e34\u0e0d 9 \u0e04\u0e39\u0e48\u0e23\u0e31\u0e01\u0e08\u0e32\u0e01\u0e17\u0e31\u0e48\u0e27\u0e42\u0e25\u0e01 \u0e23\u0e48\u0e27\u0e21\u0e07\u0e32\u0e19 \u201cThailand Wedding Destiny\u201d - Phuket E ...So no matter what age you are Or what kind of travel do you like? They will all benefit from having more or less free time to travel.

The Covid outbreak is set zero in the Thai tourism sector. How long this recovery will be sustained and how much volatility can be accommodated depends on the choice of pathway to get out of this crisis.

Thai shouldReposition a new tourism sector under 2 principles, namely (1) “Value over volume” approach and (2) Diversification approach, starting from building on activities that Thailand has the potential to compete in the past. Along with creating new activities that are expected to increase demand

In the future , the tourism sector should focus on expanding the group./Frequency of both Thai and foreign tourists in the region to be more diversified in 3 groups: health tourism Tourism that can experience the life of local people and work-related tourism to generate stable income and more balanced distribution

An important helper to help change is the unity of government agencies and policy driving mechanisms. Infrastructure for both transportation and tourism platforms and measures to support business adaptation, such as funding, regulatory adjustments, and up-skilled workers.

\u0e42\u0e04\u0e27\u0e34\u0e14-19 \u0e01\u0e31\u0e1a\u0e01\u0e32\u0e23\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27\u0e20\u0e39\u0e40\u0e01\u0e47\u0e15 \u0e1c\u0e48\u0e32\u0e19\u0e21\u0e38\u0e21\u0e21\u0e2d\u0e07 \u0e1c\u0e39\u0e49\u0e27\u0e48\u0e32\u0e01\u0e32\u0e23\u0e01\u0e32\u0e23\u0e17\u0e48\u0e2d\u0e07\u0e40\u0e17\u0e35\u0e48\u0e22\u0e27\u0e41\u0e2b\u0e48\u0e07\u0e1b\u0e23\u0e30\u0e40\u0e17\u0e28\u0e44\u0e17\u0e22 - Phuket E-Magazine​Since the beginning of last year, the Thai tourism sector has been severely affected by COVID-19. by analysts This year, Thailand may have less than 500,000 foreign tourists (from nearly 40 million in 2019.that generates approximately2 trillion baht or 11% of GDP) looking forward The COVID outbreak will not only have a short-term impact. but will change the behavior of tourists around the world Increased emphasis on health and hygiene It’s a safe trip avoiding the crowds. travel closer prefer to travel with niche travel more than the traditional mass travel and focus on using technology to increase comfort throughout the journey The main problem of the country is when the tourism sector will recover. We still have to take this opportunity. Review and restructure the tourism sector in order to return to growth and drive the Thai economy sustainably in the post-Covid world.

Interesting issues from the seminar “Fah Lang Fon, a New Dimension for Thai Tourism” 1 jointly held by the Bank of Thailand and Visa International (Thailand) Co., Ltd. in June 2021, has presented the article Revitalizing Thailand’s tourism sector: In search of enablers for future sustainability point to the problem that traditional tourism models in Thailand could increase the vulnerability and volatility of the tourism sector in the post-COVID world. both from generating income through excessive dependence on the number of foreign tourists while tourists spend less There is also a problem of concentration in both the nationality of tourists. Old tourist attractions and travel periods, the article presents a new tourism model underTwo principles are (1) “Value over volume” approach and (2) Diversification approach to increase the spending value of foreign tourists. If it can be increased from 48,000 baht per person to 60,000 baht, it will allow Thailand to receive the same income but with only 32 million tourists, / as well as to increase the balance in the tourism sector in various dimensions, such as distribution of sources of income. to rely on a more diverse tourist market to stabilize tourism income and help mitigate future risks as well as increase the distribution of income through supporting tourism in secondary cities more And most importantly, tourism must not create as much environmental costs as in the past.

In addition, the tourism sector restructuring to this new model It will create more investments in the tourism sector, such as digital investments to support the Contactless trend and tourism platforms. improvement of tourist attractions and investment in the transportation system From the present, Thailand invests only 13% of tourism revenue. Compared with other competitor countries such as the Philippines and Malaysia, which accounted for 21% and 27% respectively, and will result in the allocation of production resources. Both capital goods, machinery and labor go where they will get the best results and will contribute to increasing productivity. In this regard, the tourism sector has been transformed to be more dependent on capital factors. With the tourism sector reliant on natural resources and large labourers (more than 7 million people, accounting for 20% of total employment), during the transition some workers needed to adapt their skills to new trends. While surplus workers need to be cared for, they can transition to other service sectors that may become more popular in the future, such as Hospitality and wellness related services.

Thailand should reposition the tourism sector by focusing on tourism groups that are expected to have increased demand This starts by expanding on activities that Thailand has the potential to compete in the past (Old legacy), such as nature or culture. along with creating new activities such as health tourism Tourism to experience local life that adds value and incentives. along with the expansion of the group / frequency of tourism of Both Thai and foreign tourists in the region (Regional travelers) such as Japan, Taiwan, due to the trend of behavioral changes in tourists choosing to travel more near distances, especially tourists who prefer to travel on their own.(Free Independent Travelers: FIT) or Customized tour group , which will spend about 51,000 baht per trip per person, higher than the tour group at about 39,000 baht and focusing on supporting 3 main groups of tourists:

(1) Medical & wellness tourism group that will be more popular which is a group that has a cost per trip up to about 80,000-120,000 baht and create added value to the Thai economy more than 80% of the income received

(2) Green & community-based tourism group , which will stimulate tourism in secondary cities and reduce over-tourism. Moreover, income from tourists in this group also creates added value to the economy about 60-80% of the income received. as well

(3) Business groups such as investors and professional staffs who come to work in Thailand Or come to organize seminars in Thailand, including work from anywhere groups and followers, which are potential groups that spend high because they tend to stay for a long time (Expenses per trip for long-stay groups, accommodation for more than 14 days ≈ 75,000 baht) and tend to increase in accordance with the policy of attracting foreign investment and personnel to work in Thailand.

This is because the Thai tourism sector has various related businesses. The key point in driving the restructuring is centralized and interconnected policies. This requires cooperation from all parties in the ecosystem.

• The labor sector must increase skills or adjust their aptitudes in accordance with new trends. Meanwhile, the business sector has to speed up adjustments to places, routes, and tourism activities, including accommodation, to increase the attractiveness of secondary cities and the low season. To attract a variety of tourists and spend higher

• The government sector has clearly defined development directions, goals and plans. This is set out in the 13th National Economic and Social Development Plan and to achieve practical results. The government must (1) have a united driving agency. so that policies in all dimensions are consistent and can be implemented in a timely manner; (2) create a mechanism for driving a clear strategic plan Incentive policies, such as visitation or other prices and quotas, may be considered to restructure the tourism sector to meet more spatial and time-bound goals, as many countries such as the United States set. Entry to national parks during the peak season is twice as high as normal, and the Philippines imposes a quota of 6,405 daily visitors to Boracay island (3).both the transportation system to connect the secondary cities and use technology to make tourism more Contactless and Seamless, especially upgrading the tourism platform to serve as a marketing channel to attract target tourists with a Track & Trace system to build confidence for tourists. including being a comprehensive and fast tourism sector database for the benefit of both business and policy makers; and (4) supporting the adjustment of business and labor sectors in accordance with new tourism trends. or if businesses or workers need to leave the tourism sector There must be a mechanism to facilitate adaptation to a sector that can continue to expand. to take care not to waste too many resources both financial supportdifferent rules adjustmentand Up-skilled Reskilled Labor, etc.

• People play an important role in maintaining tourist attractions to be complete and attractive. and help create a good tourism atmosphere for visitors

The Covid outbreak is set zero in the Thai tourism sector. How long will the recovery be sustained in the next phase? It depends on choosing the path to get out of this crisis. The new path, although not easy, is necessary. so that the Thai tourism sector can return to grow in the sky after the rain that is brighter than in the past

The term “travel” is a general term referring to the movement of humans from one location to another. It can be one-way or round trip and may include short stays between successive movements. The process of travel is commonly known as tourism. There are many different ways to travel and ท่องเที่ยว many different reasons people choose to do it. Read on for some tips and tricks for traveling abroad. Listed below are some important steps to stay healthy during your trip.

Before traveling, check your vaccination status and be aware of any potential risks. Travelers need to be tested for COVID-19 if they plan to travel to areas with high levels of infection. It is important to know your health status and the risks associated with a particular destination. Rules for traveling to the U.S. vary depending on the country from which you are traveling and the origin of your trip. Make sure to follow any government and airline travel advisories before you leave.

If you are traveling internationally, it’s important to be aware of the possible risks of COVID-19 infection. Before traveling to any new destination, it’s important to be tested for the disease to determine whether it can cause serious health problems. There are specific guidelines to follow for travelers from countries with high transmission rates. For example, if you’re planning to visit a country that has high COVID-19 rates, you should be aware of this risk.

Before traveling to the U.S., you should know what your travel itinerary requires. You will need to register at the airport 72 hours before departure. It’s crucial to have a negative P.C.R. test. You’ll need to have this test performed within five days of arrival. If you’re traveling without these documents, you’ll need to undergo a Covid test at the airport. You will be quarantined for 14 days if you have a positive result. If you’re a child, you don’t need to worry about this – but if you are a non-national, you will need health insurance.

While Thailand doesn’t currently have a state of emergency, it’s still a good idea to consider vaccination before traveling. There are also several precautionary measures that you can take to prevent any possible illnesses before you get to Thailand. The CDC recommends that you wear a mask if you’re planning to do outdoor activities. Additionally, take a photo of your passport. Despite all of these precautions, it’s still a good idea not to travel to the country unprepared.

Vaccination is necessary even if you’re going to Thailand because of the risk of contracting COVID-19. This virus is transmitted by mosquitoes that bite humans. You can protect yourself against the disease by getting vaccinated in advance. You can visit the CDC website to see a full list of vaccines. Having the correct vaccination is essential for your health. There are many places in the world that have this virus and it is difficult to prevent all cases from occurring.

It’s important to know the risks of traveling to Thailand. There are many different countries that have strict laws that prohibit traveling to certain countries. The best place to travel is the one where you feel safe. There are some common safety precautions you can take, but they aren’t mandatory. However, you should be prepared for any situation that may arise. The health of travelers in Thailand should be the top priority. If you’re ill, it’s best to consult a physician to ensure your safety.

Singapore, Thailand, and Indonesia are safe for travelers who are fully vaccinated. During the outbreak, these countries were closed to international visitors for a month. But now, Singapore is reopening its borders to international visitors on July 1. There are no more quarantine restrictions for these countries, which is great news for travelers who wish to visit Southeast Asia. So, make sure you’re fully protected when traveling to these countries. If you don’t have the required vaccines, don’t worry. Vaccination is essential.

When traveling to Southeast Asia, you need to be fully vaccinated. In some cases, the countries have no vaccination requirements, but it’s best to be fully vaccinated when you visit. In addition, you need to avoid visiting countries that have high levels of covid. In some countries, it’s a good idea to be vaccinated before you travel. A country is also a great place for travelers who are traveling with children.

from the epidemic of COVID-19 The past has changed everything. which affects the tourism industry the most with lockdown measures in each country causing business disruption because not everyone can travel Even now the situation is starting to unravel. Many countries have begun easing lockdown measures. But the trend of tourism booming again is still difficult. As long as no vaccine has been discovered In addition, the behavior of consumers has changed. Therefore, business owners have to find new channels. To build confidence that tourism after covids can move forward

Short trips, the hot new trend of post-COVID tourism

Data from the Krungthai Compass Research Center found that people’s travel behaviors have changed. Until a new trend in tourism has emerged, with people traveling to nearby places. focus on nearby provinces or a staycation vacation that has come back to be popular again Because it saves money, takes less time, doesn’t need to plan a trip like in the past There is also a McKinsey survey on Chinese tourists. It indicates that 55% of Chinese tourists have a greater desire to travel domestically. Demonstrates a change in behavior. This is a result of economic conditions and concerns about the spread of COVID-19. Causing me to not dare to travel abroad

From the above information It can be considered a new and challenging problem for the tourism industry that must adapt to keep up. Therefore, if business owners want to adapt to expand their customer base and meet the needs of post-COVID tourism can be done as follows

Tips to expand customer base in travel after covid

Cleanliness and Safety COVID-19 has made it clear that people are becoming more aware of their safety. and changing behaviors by focusing on health and cleanliness For this reason, entrepreneurs must focus on cleanliness as the first priority, such as cleaning public areas. Every 1 hour inside the accommodation, staff must wear masks at all times. and social distancing to build confidence for

touristsThe slowdown in the economy in recent months Many people began to tighten their belts and spend more cautiously. Traveling is probably the last option that comes to mind, and lowering prices is one of the secrets that business owners can attract to travelers, such as converting from short-term stays to monthly breaks. Or make promotions for cheaper nights to make them more accessible in a recession. And don’t forget to highlight the highlight of the accommodation. Especially if there is a location near the city, it can be used as a selling point for convenient transportation to attract tourists.

Look for new travel trends.adjusting the business to meet the needs of consumers It has been proven to be a key factor in ensuring every business survives in a crisis situation. Especially the tourism business after COVID has made tourists change their travel behaviors. Until becoming a travel trend in 2020, the travel trends that are expected to be popular after COVID-19 include:

health tourism When people turn to care more about health and safety. Have a shorter travel plan As a result, this type of tourism has gained attention. The tourism business may focus on organizing health programs. Eating clean or super food, yoga classes, spa and detox to rejuvenate the body and / mind, etc., can also attract the attention of tourists. Plus, our country has a specialty in health services that are known around the world and are widely accepted. There is also information from the Kasikorn Research Center that health tourism has continued to expand. Call it a supplement that helps make a difference to the business. If taking this trend as a selling point in the future

adventure travel When quarantine means everyone stays at home Working from home hasn’t traveled anywhere in the past few months. Therefore, there is a need to travel to relax. Do challenging activities like adventurous excursions that take in the scenery. breath of fresh air This form of post-COVID tourism is less risky than traveling indoors and in crowded places.

ecotourism Nowadays people live in a polluted urban society. various smoke Not as close to nature as it should be to behave naturally longing. want to travel as close to nature as possible making this form of tourism popular The business owner may target the elderly. family and friend groups

Build business alliances This method is one of creating new opportunities. that answer more questions than before to enhance service and create a new experience for tourists It also creates added business value. for example The hotel business may partner with the healthcare business. or a booking application for customers to receive special privileges in their stay This increases the chances of staying more. and comprehensively respond to consumer groups.

Adjust the marketing model.Because the new generation has more behaviors of using and consuming social media. Plus, in the past, many accommodations have come together to make the most of the crisis by renovating. improve the place accommodation interior including more modern services Therefore, the last trick to expanding your customer base in post-COVID travel is to adjust your marketing model. By using an online channel marketing model by creating video content to promote and update the location, influencers may be used to help promote in Live format to create a fresh experience. and stimulate the decision of the target tourists to come back again

travel Refers to travel for recreation or for fun, excitement or knowledge. The United Nations Tourism Organization ( English : World Tourism Organization ) defines that tourism means traveling. by a distance of more than 40 kilometers from the house for recreational purposes Tourism in Thailand has developed since 1924 during the reign of King Boromwongse Krom Phra Kamphaeng Phet Akarayothin. when he was a railway commander which at that time, tourism in Thailand It is also a tourism to see the nature and government. or important places that foreigners who come to Thailand create But about 10 years ago, the World Tourism Organization ( has defined 3 main forms of tourism as follows:

1) Natural based tourism

2) Cultural based tourism

3) Special interest tourism

1. Natural based tourism consists of

1.1 Ecotourism means tourism in natural sites that are unique to local and cultural sites related to ecosystems. There is a collaborative learning process among those involved in environmental management and local participation tourism to focus on creating awareness of sustainable ecosystem preservation.

1.2 Marine ecotourism means tourism. Responsible for endemic marine natural resources and tourist attractions related to marine ecosystems There is a collaborative learning process of stakeholders under local environmental management and participatory tourism. To aim to create awareness of sustainable ecosystem preservation

1.3 Geological tourism (Geo-tourism) refers to tourism in natural resources that are rock cliffs, sandstone terraces, cave tunnels, Nam Lod caves, stalactites and stalagmites. To see the beauty of the landscape with the strange changes of the world space Study the nature of rocks, soils, minerals and fossils, gain new knowledge and experience. on the basis of responsible tourism Have a conscience to protect the environment where local people are involved in tourism management

1.4 Agro tourism means traveling to agricultural areas, agricultural plantations, agroforestry, herb gardens, livestock farms and animal husbandry to appreciate the beauty. Success and enjoyment in the farm Gain knowledge and experience new experiences based on responsibility Have a conscience to preserve the environment of that place

1.5 Astronomical tourism Astrological tourism means traveling to see the astronomical phenomena that occur in each agenda such as the solar eclipse, meteor shower, lunar eclipse and viewing the zodiac stars that appear in the sky each month. for learning the solar system have knowledge of impression Increased memories and experiences On the basis of responsible tourism with awareness of preserving the local environment and culture. where local people participate in sustainable co-management

2. Cultural based tourism consists of

2.1 Historical tourism means traveling to archaeological sites. and history To appreciate and enjoy the sights, gain knowledge and understanding of history and archeology. Local basis of responsibility and awareness of preserving cultural heritage and values. of the environment by which the local people Contribute to tourism management

2.2 Cultural and traditional tourism means tourism. to see various traditions that the local villagers have organized to enjoy and marvel at the aesthetic arts to study beliefs respect respect for ceremonies and understanding of social and cultural conditions have new experiences Increased on the basis of responsibility and awareness of environmental preservation and cultural heritage. where local people are involved in tourism management

2.3 Rural tourism / village tourism means traveling in the village. rural life style and creative works with special uniqueness, outstanding for the enjoyment of knowledge, see the creations and folk wisdom have an understanding of local culture On the basis of responsibility and awareness of preserving cultural heritage and values ​​of the environment. where local people are involved in tourism management

3. Special interest tourism consists of

3.1 Health tourism refers to tourism in natural and cultural resources for relaxation and learning how to maintain physical and mental health and enjoy. and aesthetics Knowledge of preserving values and good quality of life Concerned about preserving the environment and local culture by engaging local people in sustainable tourism management. In addition, some of this health tourism may be formatted as health beauty and spa tourism.

3.2 Educational and religious tourism Edu-meditation tourism means traveling for excursions, exchanging knowledge from religious philosophies, seeking knowledge, the truth of life, and practicing meditation to gain new experiences and knowledge. Increased value and good quality of life, conscious of preserving the environment and local culture Local people participate in sustainable tourism management. In addition, some tourists focus on learning Thai culture and wisdom, such as Thai cooking, Thai massage, Thai dancing, Thai boxing, crafts and Thai arts and crafts. including steering elephants and mahouts, etc.

3.3 Ethnic tourism means traveling to learn about the way of life and culture of the villagers. Culture of ethnic minorities or tribes such as the Thai Song village Phu Thai Village Kui village Karen village Chinese villages, etc., in order to gain new experiences and knowledge, increase the value and good quality of life, and be conscious of the preservation of the local environment and culture. where local people are involved in sustainable tourism management

3.4 Sports tourism means traveling to play sports according to their aptitude and interest in sports such as golf, diving, fishing, snooker, surfboard, water skiing, etc., in order to gain enjoyment, / fun and excitement. Gain more experience and new knowledge. Increased value and good quality of life Conscious about preserving the environment and local culture where local people are involved in sustainable tourism management

3.5 Adventure travel means traveling to natural attractions with special characteristics. that tourists who travel to have fun, excitement, horror, adventure, memories, safety and new experiences

3.6 Home stay & farm stay means a group of tourists who wish to live close to their local families visiting to learn local wisdom and local culture. gain more life experience with awareness of preserving the environment and local culture It is a sustainable tourism management of the local community.

3.7 Long stay means a group of end-users after retirement from work who wish to live abroad mainly. To add to the fifth factor of life is travel by traveling abroad on average 3-4 times a year, at least 1 month at a time

3.8 Incentive travel means the organization of tours for a group of customers of a successful company. (Excellence) in selling that product. according to the target or beyond the target, such as a group of car dealership representatives Representative of the electrical distribution company Representative of the cosmetic company from different regions or provinces that can sell that kind of product as much as the local distributors are aiming for rewarding and organizing tours. by paying travel expenses Accommodation and meals during the trip for traveling companions It is a list of camping trips from 2-7 days. It is a tour guide to various places It might be a blended tour program. or a tour program in one form or another

3.9 Tourism for meetings (MICE means M=meeting/I=incentive/C=conference/E=exhibition) is a tour arrangement for a group of customers of the meeting organizers. There is a pre-meeting tour program (pre-tour) and a post-tour tour program by organizing travel programs in various formats throughout the country to serve the attendees directly. or for those traveling with the meeting (Husband or wife) may be a day trip program. or a 2 – 4 day overnight stay program with a flat rate that includes food and travel services

3.10 Combined tourism is another form of tourism managers Travel selects the types of tourism that have been mentioned above. bring to organize a travel itinerary In order for tourists to get the difference between a long trip lasting from 2-7 days or more, such as eco-agro tourism, agro- and historical tourism (agro-historical tourism) eco-tourism and adventure (eco-adventure travel), geo-historical tourism, agricultural and cultural tourism. (agro-cultural tourism), etc.

In addition, at present Tourism has taken into account the needs or behavior of additional tourists, resulting in a new conceptual tourism model, such as Green tourism, where tourists want to conserve nature or help reduce global warming, such as tourism in Koh Samui or War tourism where tourists Want to experience the past during the war, such as touring the Bridge on the River Kwai Kanchanaburi or Volunteer tourism where tourists are volunteers to help perform service activities. in places and continue to travel, such as having volunteers to help work on the Tsunami in Thailand, etc.

In summary, tourism in Thailand There are various depending on the behavior of the tourists themselves. and depends on changes in the social and cultural structure. The effect of tourism will be positive or negative. Depends on how tourists behave

You’ve decided you want to take your annual trip to Asia. The destination is Thailand, where you hope to make a memorable experience of your lifetime. Thailand offers a wealth of cultural experiences and activities for every traveler. Its climate makes it a top choice for travelers in all four corners of the world. Although the country has been experiencing economic turbulence for some time, Thailand’s tourism industry is considered stable and growth oriented. There are many things to consider before beginning your trip.


Thai Travel Inspection: Before traveling to Thailand, it is important to engage a Thai Travel Inspection firm to ensure that all of your needs are met. This includes an assessment of the current medical condition of each traveler to assess their current physical state and identify any pre-existing conditions. You may be required to submit to a health interview as well. Thai Travel inspections are done by government certified teams who are trained to comply with the highest standards of hygiene and sanitary practices. Your travel clinic will assist you in obtaining your passport, as well as assisting you in obtaining a certificate of participation, / which is a basic assurance of Thailand health coverage.

Effective immunizations recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) are: Thailand National Travel Card, Thai Travel Insurance, and a specially designed International Health Insurance Card. These three recommended immunizations should be on your person when traveling to Thailand. A majority of Thai nationals are up-to-date on their vaccines and will be able to board a flight at any time. However, a small percentage of the population do not have regular access to the vaccines or could be at risk of exposure to diseases that they might be immunized against. If this is the case, you could be in serious danger while traveling abroad if you do not have the recommended vaccinations.

All travelers arriving in Phuket need a valid passport, which must be obtained from the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs. These travelers are required by law to remain within the country during their first twelve months on the new destinations. Exceptions are made for students studying overseas or military families.

While staying at a hotel or any tourist destination within Thailand, you are required to obtain a CEC or Certificate of Entry (COE). This is a six-digit ID card with a photo which can be used to gain entry into restricted areas and to pay certain charges such as taxes, ATM, casinos, or tour fees. There are two types of CECs available in Thailand: one is for visitors only and the other is for foreigners ( foreigner exchange users, expatriates, non-Thai passengers, and other foreign nationals traveling to Thailand). If you have a visa and plan to stay outside Thailand you can also apply for a COE but it is not necessary. Foreigners will still need a valid passport and a copy of the prescribed Immovable Information Form.

Upon arrival at Phuket International Airport, all travelers are required by law to appear in their national ID card holder (usually their passport) and submit a translation of their passport, including any photos if applicable. The immigration procedures at Phuket International Airport can be very confusing. You may need to undergo several security checks upon arrival, and it is advisable to bring extra copies of your passport and relevant information for the immigration officer. Immigration officers do not give too much time to discuss things, especially to foreigners. Make sure you understand what to expect, and arrive prepared. Remember that if you are unable to convey your message clearly, the interview might be turned down.

In addition to the normal immigration procedures at Phuket, November is also a good time to visit Thailand if you are traveling with children. There are special child care facilities in Phuket that will ensure that your children receive the best care while you are away. November is also the beginning of Thailand’s major rainy season. For this reason, it is advised that November travelers take lots of water, in case they get dehydrated. No matter how well you prepare for your trip, it is never a guarantee that your November holiday will run without any problems.

During the monsoon months from June to September, Thailand experiences the greatest number of tourists from around the world. During these months, Thailand experiences one of the highest number of tourist arrivals. Although travel to Thailand during this period is not impossible, the tourism industry largely suffers due to the large number of tourists, resulting in high costs for hotels, food, and transportation. If you wish to minimize your impact on the Thai economy, it is highly recommended that you stay at a Phuket or Bangkok hotel that is within the vicinity of the international airport, which will offer you the most economical stay.

There are different methods to obtain an EAD or Australian visa, depending on the country of origin. Generally, tourists who are traveling to Australia by air must apply for an EAD via the Australia Immigration visa office in Sydney. There is no obligation to attend any consultation with the officers and can apply for an EAD online through the website. Alternatively, core application can be made directly with the visa office of the country of origin. The website details various visa options available to tourists visiting Australia