travel Refers to travel for recreation or for fun, excitement or knowledge. The United Nations Tourism Organization ( English : World Tourism Organization ) defines that tourism means traveling. by a distance of more than 40 kilometers from the house for recreational purposes Tourism in Thailand has developed since 1924 during the reign of King Boromwongse Krom Phra Kamphaeng Phet Akarayothin. when he was a railway commander which at that time, tourism in Thailand It is also a tourism to see the nature and government. or important places that foreigners who come to Thailand create But about 10 years ago, the World Tourism Organization (www.unwto.org) has defined 3 main forms of tourism as follows:
1) Natural based tourism
2) Cultural based tourism
3) Special interest tourism
1. Natural based tourism consists of
1.1 Ecotourism means tourism in natural sites that are unique to local and cultural sites related to ecosystems. There is a collaborative learning process among those involved in environmental management and local participation tourism to focus on creating awareness of sustainable ecosystem preservation.
1.2 Marine ecotourism means tourism. Responsible for endemic marine natural resources and tourist attractions related to marine ecosystems There is a collaborative learning process of stakeholders under local environmental management and participatory tourism. To aim to create awareness of sustainable ecosystem preservation
1.3 Geological tourism (Geo-tourism) refers to tourism in natural resources that are rock cliffs, sandstone terraces, cave tunnels, Nam Lod caves, stalactites and stalagmites. To see the beauty of the landscape with the strange changes of the world space Study the nature of rocks, soils, minerals and fossils, gain new knowledge and experience. on the basis of responsible tourism Have a conscience to protect the environment where local people are involved in tourism management
1.4 Agro tourism means traveling to agricultural areas, agricultural plantations, agroforestry, herb gardens, livestock farms and animal husbandry to appreciate the beauty. Success and enjoyment in the farm Gain knowledge and experience new experiences based on responsibility Have a conscience to preserve the environment of that place
1.5 Astronomical tourism Astrological tourism means traveling to see the astronomical phenomena that occur in each agenda such as the solar eclipse, meteor shower, lunar eclipse and viewing the zodiac stars that appear in the sky each month. for learning the solar system have knowledge of impression Increased memories and experiences On the basis of responsible tourism with awareness of preserving the local environment and culture. where local people participate in sustainable co-management
2. Cultural based tourism consists of
2.1 Historical tourism means traveling to archaeological sites. and history To appreciate and enjoy the sights, gain knowledge and understanding of history and archeology. Local basis of responsibility and awareness of preserving cultural heritage and values. of the environment by which the local people Contribute to tourism management
2.2 Cultural and traditional tourism means tourism. to see various traditions that the local villagers have organized to enjoy and marvel at the aesthetic arts to study beliefs respect respect for ceremonies and understanding of social and cultural conditions have new experiences Increased on the basis of responsibility and awareness of environmental preservation and cultural heritage. where local people are involved in tourism management
2.3 Rural tourism / village tourism means traveling in the village. rural life style and creative works with special uniqueness, outstanding for the enjoyment of knowledge, see the creations and folk wisdom have an understanding of local culture On the basis of responsibility and awareness of preserving cultural heritage and values of the environment. where local people are involved in tourism management
3. Special interest tourism consists of
3.1 Health tourism refers to tourism in natural and cultural resources for relaxation and learning how to maintain physical and mental health and enjoy. and aesthetics Knowledge of preserving values and good quality of life Concerned about preserving the environment and local culture by engaging local people in sustainable tourism management. In addition, some of this health tourism may be formatted as health beauty and spa tourism.
3.2 Educational and religious tourism Edu-meditation tourism means traveling for excursions, exchanging knowledge from religious philosophies, seeking knowledge, the truth of life, and practicing meditation to gain new experiences and knowledge. Increased value and good quality of life, conscious of preserving the environment and local culture Local people participate in sustainable tourism management. In addition, some tourists focus on learning Thai culture and wisdom, such as Thai cooking, Thai massage, Thai dancing, Thai boxing, crafts and Thai arts and crafts. including steering elephants and mahouts, etc.
3.3 Ethnic tourism means traveling to learn about the way of life and culture of the villagers. Culture of ethnic minorities or tribes such as the Thai Song village Phu Thai Village Kui village Karen village Chinese villages, etc., in order to gain new experiences and knowledge, increase the value and good quality of life, and be conscious of the preservation of the local environment and culture. where local people are involved in sustainable tourism management
3.4 Sports tourism means traveling to play sports according to their aptitude and interest in sports such as golf, diving, fishing, snooker, surfboard, water skiing, etc., in order to gain enjoyment, /xn--72c5ab8bza6azdwe3cf.cc fun and excitement. Gain more experience and new knowledge. Increased value and good quality of life Conscious about preserving the environment and local culture where local people are involved in sustainable tourism management
3.5 Adventure travel means traveling to natural attractions with special characteristics. that tourists who travel to have fun, excitement, horror, adventure, memories, safety and new experiences
3.6 Home stay & farm stay means a group of tourists who wish to live close to their local families visiting to learn local wisdom and local culture. gain more life experience with awareness of preserving the environment and local culture It is a sustainable tourism management of the local community.
3.7 Long stay means a group of end-users after retirement from work who wish to live abroad mainly. To add to the fifth factor of life is travel by traveling abroad on average 3-4 times a year, at least 1 month at a time
3.8 Incentive travel means the organization of tours for a group of customers of a successful company. (Excellence) in selling that product. according to the target or beyond the target, such as a group of car dealership representatives Representative of the electrical distribution company Representative of the cosmetic company from different regions or provinces that can sell that kind of product as much as the local distributors are aiming for rewarding and organizing tours. by paying travel expenses Accommodation and meals during the trip for traveling companions It is a list of camping trips from 2-7 days. It is a tour guide to various places It might be a blended tour program. or a tour program in one form or another
3.9 Tourism for meetings (MICE means M=meeting/I=incentive/C=conference/E=exhibition) is a tour arrangement for a group of customers of the meeting organizers. There is a pre-meeting tour program (pre-tour) and a post-tour tour program by organizing travel programs in various formats throughout the country to serve the attendees directly. or for those traveling with the meeting (Husband or wife) may be a day trip program. or a 2 – 4 day overnight stay program with a flat rate that includes food and travel services
3.10 Combined tourism is another form of tourism managers Travel selects the types of tourism that have been mentioned above. bring to organize a travel itinerary In order for tourists to get the difference between a long trip lasting from 2-7 days or more, such as eco-agro tourism, agro- and historical tourism (agro-historical tourism) eco-tourism and adventure (eco-adventure travel), geo-historical tourism, agricultural and cultural tourism. (agro-cultural tourism), etc.
In addition, at present Tourism has taken into account the needs or behavior of additional tourists, resulting in a new conceptual tourism model, such as Green tourism, where tourists want to conserve nature or help reduce global warming, such as tourism in Koh Samui or War tourism where tourists Want to experience the past during the war, such as touring the Bridge on the River Kwai Kanchanaburi or Volunteer tourism where tourists are volunteers to help perform service activities. in places and continue to travel, such as having volunteers to help work on the Tsunami in Thailand, etc.
In summary, tourism in Thailand There are various depending on the behavior of the tourists themselves. and depends on changes in the social and cultural structure. The effect of tourism will be positive or negative. Depends on how tourists behave