Traveling and traveling is one of the fun activities. We will travel to new places. feel the atmosphere The beauty of nature and seeing new things Traveling, whether near or far, is considered the profit of life. bring experience An impression that is hard to forget
Usually before the trip We have to be prepared already. No matter who you plan to go with, where you go, how you go, how many days you go, where you sleep These are things that we are used to doing. But health preparation before travel is often overlooked. even though it is important Because traveling will allow us to live in a new environment. Both in terms of terrain and climate that are different from what we are used to. And in that place or country there may be some contagious disease which is different from Thailand. And we don’t have immunity, so we need to prepare well.
General principles for preparing before traveling
1. Maintain good health before the journey should not travel in spite of being sick in people with various congenital diseases You should always consult your doctor ท่องเที่ยว (index) first when traveling especially abroad or for a long time. and must always prepare personal medicines
2. Need to find information about places or countries that we will travel to that there are health risks in which areas Because each country and each area has different risks such as
If going to travel in African countries
Always check for yellow fever first. read from the article Yellow fever vaccine is a must before going to Africa, South America.
Consider whether the country is in an area at risk of meningococcal disease. read from the article Things to know about meningococcal vaccine (Meningococcal vaccine)
Be careful about malaria Because most countries in Africa in the zone beneath the Sahara Desert There will be an outbreak of malaria. which tourists need must know about malaria and correct malaria prevention Since the risk of contracting malaria in African countries is much higher than in Asia or in South America, in many cases travelers to Africa need to take antimalarial medication before travelling. Therefore, they should come to see a doctor for further advice.
If you are going to travel in a South American country such as Brazil, Peru, Argentina
Always check for yellow fever first. You can find a list of countries that are the source of yellow fever outbreaks in this article. Yellow fever vaccine, a must-have item before going to Africa, South America
If you are traveling to high altitude areas such as Peru, Machu Picchu, Bolivia, etc., you should be prepared for high altitude sickness . Altitude sickness #2 Symptoms and prevention , How can a trip to Peru prevent high altitude sickness?
Be careful about malaria especially if going into forests, waterfalls, or the Amazon River In these cases, you should see your doctor for advice. on the need for antimalarial drugs
If going to travel in India, Nepal
Be careful about diseases that can be transmitted through water and food. especially diarrhea, typhoid, etc., if at high risk for example in rural areas go for a long time You should consider getting the typhoid vaccine. and hepatitis A vaccine Read more from Things to know about typhoid vaccine
Be careful about malaria because in India Malaria infections can be found in urban areas. Therefore, even if tourists do not go to the forest Also, be careful of malaria. by using anti-mosquito medication regularly and when you have a fever you should see a doctor Generally, tourists to India do not need to take antimalarial medications. Because the risk is not very high
If traveling for a long time or live in rural areas You should consider getting a rabies vaccination prior to your trip. Read more from Rabies and tourists
If you are going for a trekking in the high mountains of India or Nepal. You should also be aware of high altitude sickness. Read more in the articles Altitude sickness #1, diseases to watch out for in altitude, and Altitude sickness #2, symptoms and prevention.
Note the example above. It is a fundamental point that should be considered before travelling. However, each traveler and traveler will have different variations such as travel time. activities to do, how many people, etc. These issues are all important that the doctor will use in determining the appropriate disease prevention on a case-by-case basis.
3. Should prepare personal medication and necessary medical documents with you at all times especially in patients with underlying disease
4. In addition to preventing infectious diseases Tourists/travelers should not ignore other dangers. such as an accident and insecurity in life and property, such as should not be dressed with valuables which will tempt criminals and should study which areas or sources should not travel into Because there may be dangers such as being hijacked and robbed, and should not interfere with illegal things such as exchanging money on the black market. Contact with illegal taxis which the chance of danger is high It will not be worth the money that may be saved.